the forwards darted like flashes: the history of soccer in utah
April 25, 2010

A Note on Sources

For this history, sources are divided into two periods. For the years before World War II, I relied heavily on newspaper accounts from the Salt Lake Tribune, the Salt Lake Telegram, and the Salt Lake Herald. Additional information was kindly provided by the National Soccer Hall of Fame in Oneonta, New York. A major source of the newspaper accounts was the Utah Digital Newspapers Index, available from the University of Utah at this web address: Even though this index does not include the Salt Lake Tribune and the Deseret News, it provided a wealth of early accounts of soccer games in Utah from other newspapers. Clippings from the Tribune and Deseret News were found, however, in the scrapbooks of Alf Engen, Utah ski legend, which are housed in the Special Collections Department, J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah. Alan Engen, Alf’s son, was especially helpful in the course of this research. Some other mentions of Utah soccer before the present era were also found in publications of the Utah State Historical Society, and permission to use photos from their collections was kindly granted. Ray Cunningham, author of a comprehensive study of Prisoners of War and internees in Utah during World War I, provided useful information and corrections to the manuscript for the war years.

To write about Utah soccer history after World War II, I relied heavily on the Utah Soccer Association website, including the Utah Soccer Hall of Fame, available online at, and the lists of state and Daynes Cup champions on the same site. Mr. Bill Bosgraaf, President of the Utah Soccer Assocation, was unfailingly helpful and supportive throughout this project, and I am greatly in his debt. He introduced me to another great source of information and stories, namely Utahns who played soccer here in the 1940s to the present day. Besides Mr. Bosgraaf himself, I interviewed Willard Hansen, Peter Hughes, Gus Colessides, Bill Bosgraaf, and Tony Yapias, and held a group interview with Richard Gregersen, Stan De Waal, Willard Hansen, Ronnie Almond, Nicholas Hille, and Bill Bosgraaf. Chris Agnello, former head coach of the Utah Blitzz, provided me not only with an interview about the history of that team, but allowed the use of photos from the Utah Blitzz 2000 Inauguarl Season yearbooks. The files of the Utah State Historical Society provided records and photographs from Herman Neumann and AC Germania. The Deseret Morning News allowed me to go through their clippings files and photo morgue to gather information about efforts to bring professional soccer to Utah.

All clippings, interviews, photos, and other research materials are housed in the Special Collections Department, J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.

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